DIWPA and the State Department of Forestry, Sabah, Malaysia, organized the 2nd international workshop "Synergy between Carbon Management & Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests" in the Rainforest Interpretation Centre, Forestry Research Centre, Sabah in Nov. 30-Dec.1, 2005. This workshop was funded by the Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN). Approximately 50 people participated from domestic and overseas private, research and government sectors. DIWPA was awarded a 2-year project fund "Synergy between Ecosystems Change and Biodiversity Studies in the Western Pacific and Asia: Establishing Case Studies for Carbon Management and Biodiversity Conservation (APN2005-03-CMY)"from APN, and established a pilot project in Deramakot, Sabah, with the State Department of Forestry. This workshop was conducted to disseminate the synergy concept and to present preliminary results of the pilot project. In the pilot site, researchers of DIWPA investigated the amount of carbon and biodiversity in a number of forests with varying degree of logging damages with various intensities of past timber extraction. Seven papers on the technical issues of carbon and biodiversity measurements were presented from the pilot project. Three other papers presented the issues relating to the clean development mechanisms and the sustainable management of Indonesian tropical rain forests.
Reported by Kanehiro Kitayama. (Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University)
Following the success of the IBOY / DIWPA international field biology course held during in 2004, in Cibinong, West Java, Indonesia, the second course was hosted by Research Center for Biology-LIPI and the 3 COE programs of Japanese universities (Hokkaido, Kyoto and Kanazawa University), from 24 January to 1 February, 2005. DIWPA has proposed a series of ten-day courses on the key major Orders of insects. The goal of these courses is to build the capacity in the taxonomic area by parties in order to reach the goal of IBOY. Participants of the courses are expected to study field biology and biodiversity sciences through a range of activities from basic lectures and practical to research on one's own in highly diverse natural environments of the Western Pacific and Asian Region.
The second course in Jawa was held at the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia utilizing the recently upgraded museum and collection facilities. Bogor is also the place important in the history of biodiversity studies in Indonesia for more than one-hundred years. The course was offered by local and Japanese trainers under the auspices of the International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) program of DIWPA. All of 15 participants are from all parts of Indonesia. They include lecturers at universities, graduate students and teachers at local schools. All of them completed the whole schedule.
This year, the training was focused on the identification of insect specimens (especially beetles: Coleoptera) collected during IBOY sampling at GHNP, including: (1) lecture on a selected order of insect (Coleoptera); (2) sorting and/or mounting; (3) identification and counting the individual number at family level of selected orders; (4) arranging data for preparing manuscripts; (5) construction of data management system, including digital database. Distribution of specimen photos through internet is a practical way to ask specialist to identify specimens into genus/species levels. The course also included a field trip to Gunung Halimun National Park. In the field, the participants learned different insect collecting techniques including light traps, canopy knockdown and dung traps.
Lecturers and Assistants:
Reported by Shoko Sakai. (Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University)
PABITRA Methods Book BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT OF TROPICAL PACIFIC ISLAND ECOSYSTEMS is now
published on the Internet with Chapters 1-12. Download at the PABITRA website.
PABITRA (the Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect Network) is a sister network of DIWPA.
The Third DIWPA/IBOY International Field Biology Course in Indonesia will be held in December 2005.
2005 DIWPA/COE Field Biology Course in Lake Biwa, Japan will be held in August 2005.
International Field Biology Course 2005 in Thailand in July 2005
DIWPA has proposed two modes of project activities to APN. One is to establish a pilot study site in a Bornean logged-over tropical rain forest, where collaborators develop standardized methods to evaluate biodiversity and carbon on a landscape level, and study ecological mechanisms to conserve biodiversity while capturing carbon. Second mode is to hold an international workshop in the said project site and disseminate the synergy concept to all stakeholders. In line with this, DIWPA and the Sate Department of Forestry, Sabah, Malaysia (collaborator), jointly organized the international workshop "Synergy between Carbon Management & Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests, 24-26 November 2004"in the Sandakan City, Sabah, Malaysia. The workshop consisted of one-day conference on 24 November, and a two-day field excursion to the pilot-project site in Deramakot, Sabah.
A total of 92 participants from 21 local and international agencies registered at the workshop. The workshop was publicized through five local-newspaper articles. The concept of synergy was successfully disseminated to the workshop participants and local communities. The Chairperson Tohru Nakashizuka, and the Secretary Kanehiro Kitayama participated the workshop on behalf of DIWPA. Ten papers were orally presented at the conference.
Two young Indonesian researchers, Yurenfri and Arianto Budi Santoso participated in 2004 DIWPA Field Biology Course in Lake Biwa, which was held between 12 and 23 August. Yurenfri is from The University of Palangka Raya and Arianto from Research Center for Limnology, Indonesian Institute of Science. This course was organized by CER, Kyoto University, with a support of 21st COE program (A14), in conjunction with other domestic courses in which ten Japanese students of undergraduate and graduate levels participated. Lake Biwa is one of the hotspots of biodiversity with a high level of endemism that reflects 4 million years of its history and environmental complexity. The primary goal for Yurenfri and Arianto was to learn modern approaches to investigate biodiversity and ecosystem processes in Lake Biwa and other freshwater systems.
After the self-introduction by staff and students, the general guidance and lecture were given at a lecture room of CER. Dr. Nagata introduced the outline of Lake Biwa ecosystem with an emphasis on physical, chemical and biological processes in the pelagic area. Biodiversity of fish and the function of littoral zone were introduced by Dr. Yuhma.
A three-day field trip was carried out to learn how to examine pelagic and littoral ecosystems. During the cruise on the research boat"Hasu", participants experienced a wide variety of lake environments with different levels of human impacts. At a pelagic site, the Conductivity-Temperature-Depth profiler that is equipped with multiple sensors was used to obtain high precision profiles of temperature, light intensity, chlorophyll, and dissolved oxygen. Participants also learnt the method of collecting water samples, plankton and benthos. The site for investigating biodiversity in littoral zone was the Okishima island where participants and staff stayed together at a Japanese style accommodation called "min-shuku". At Okishima, Yurenfri and Arianto collected fish samples by using a casting net and then prepared samples for gut content and stable isotope analyses. On the mid day of the field trip, Dr. Yamamura gave a special lecture regarding mathematical models of aquatic ecosystems.
Samples collected during the field trip were analyzed at CER. Measurements included chlorophyll concentration, bacteria abundance, phyto- and zooplankton community, benthic animals and fish gut content. Physical and chemical data obtained at the pelagic site were also analyzed. On 18 August, participants presented their data and discussed on various aspects of Lake Biwa ecosystems.
Yurenfri and Arianto, together with other students, processed the biological samples (fishes, shrimps, plankton, sediment, and benthos etc.) obtained during the field trip (Part I) and measured the isotope ratios. Lectures (basic knowledge of stable isotopes by Dr. Tayasu, application of stable isotope technique on ornithology by Dr. Kameda, and food web research based on methanotrophic bacteria by Dr. Kohzu) and a practical lecture on the use of a mass spectrometer were given to the students. In addition with the aquatic samples (group A, Yurenfri), we have provided terrestrial samples that were affected by the droppings of the great cormorant, which feeds on fishes in Lake Biwa (group B, Arianto). After getting the results, the students have discussed among them and made their presentations. On the final day, each group presented a talk and the students have compared aquatic system with terrestrial system.
Staff, Lecturer and Teaching Assistant
Toshi Nagata, Masahide Yuhma, Ichiro Tayasu, Tetsuya Narita, Norio Yamamura, Chikage Yoshimizu, Tadatoshi Koitabashi, Takahiro Miyano, Ayato Kohzu, Kayoko Kameda, Chisato Hori, Atsushi Maruyama, Yoko Nishimura, Chulgoo Kim, Yuki Kobayashi, Taichi Yokokawa, Chiaki Motegi, Hiroki Yamanaka, Yukio Onoda
reported by Toshi Nagata and Ichiro Tayasu (Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University)
DIWPA is an international network of DIVERSITAS in Western Pacific and Asia. The DIWPA IBOY programme has established a set of key forest reference sites throughout eastern Asia and the Pacific at each of which both vegetation and invertebrate surveys are in progress. Virtually all countries in the region are involved, from Russia to New Zealand. Among participating developing countries are Russia, Mongolia, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Fiji, Vietnam and Malaysia. Participation by developed countries includes the establishment and survey of forest sites in Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand. These extremely important and comparative faunal and floral surveys are designed to help the participating countries achieve sustainable development targets through effective and informed management of their biodiversity. Successful implementation of the DIWPA IBOY programme will provide much needed information and technical capacity that can subsequently underpin decision making on sustainable forest uses such as ecotourism, bioprospecting and other secondary forest industries.
In order to reach the goal of IBOY, it is necessary to build the capacity in the area taxonomic by parties. We propose a series of ten days courses on the key major Orders of insects. The courses will be at the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia utilizing the recently upgraded museum and collection facilities. It will be offered local and Japanese trainers under the auspices of the International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) programme of DIWPA. Considerable involvement of the South East Asian members is also anticipated.
The aims of this course are to study field biology through a range of activities from basic lectures and practical to research on one・s own in highly diverse natural environments of the Western Pacific and Asian Region. Researchers at each field station will teach biology student of different nationalities. This course is situated as 7th International Field Biology Course under DIWPA.
- Japan : 3 COEs (Kyoto University, Hokkaido University, and Kanazawa University), and Bornean Biodiversity & Ecosystem Conservation Project (BBEC-JICA), Takakazu Yumoto (Chief Organiser), Haruo Katakura, Masanori Toda (Organiser), and Koji Nakamura (Organiser)
- Indonesia :LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Sciences), ITB (Bandung Institute of Technology), and GHNP (Gunung Halimun National Park), Sih Kahono (Chief Organiser), Woro A. Noerdjito (Organiser), Tati Subahar (Organiser), A. J. Arief (Organiser), and Koeswandono (Organiser)